The Pros and Cons of Cryptocurrency as an Investment

Joshua Stankard
3 min readNov 6, 2021


A cryptocurrency is an encrypted, digital, and decentralized currency used to make payments for products and services purchased online. Unlike the US Dollar or the Euro, a cryptocurrency does not have a central authority to maintain its value. This responsibility is spread widely among coin users via the internet. Another attraction for cryptocurrencies is that it operates on blockchain technology. Blockchain is a distributed ledger system that manages and records transactions. The technology is protected by encryption, making counterfeiting or double-spending practically impossible.

Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrency, was primarily developed to serve as an online payment mechanism. There are thousands of cryptocurrencies available now. These continue to function as payment methods but have extended to include lending, borrowing, and digital storage. One of the most widespread applications of cryptocurrency is the activity of speculating, the act of purchasing in the belief that the price will rise and the holders will profit.

Experts have conflicting views on cryptocurrency investing. While cryptocurrency prices may rise, many investors view them as speculative ventures rather than actual ones. Due to its speculative nature and the possibility for wild price volatility, several financial professionals advise against investing at all. Before investing in cryptocurrency, you need to consider its advantages and disadvantages to make an educated decision.

Cryptocurrency networks are inherently secure because of blockchain technology. To change a record or falsify a transaction, the hacker would have to most of the computers involved in the currency. Without this, the remainder of the register would repair the hack. A majority vote is required for potential hackers to “convince” the system that the bogus record was authentic. This change is implausible in terms of resources.

Additionally, mining is a built-in system for quality control and policing cryptocurrencies. Mining is creating new coins, confirming new transactions, and maintaining and developing the blockchain record. Miners have a financial incentive to maintain accurate, up-to-date transaction records, thereby ensuring the system’s integrity and currency’s worth.

Cryptocurrency coins are valued according to three factors: their scarcity, the amount of work involved in mining them, and the coin’s intrinsic value. Within a single month, the price of a virtual currency might fluctuate by more than 20 percent. Stock trading can see comparable shifts in standard years, but they are less prevalent. While it is feasible to earn real money in this environment, it also means that you can lose a lot with a single tiny error. Prices can fluctuate dramatically in response to any mention of a particular coin on social media.

Cryptocurrencies, like traditional currencies, do not generate cash flow, which means that for you to profit, someone else must pay more for the currency than you did. That is referred to as the “greater fool” investment theory. In comparison, a well-managed business raises its value over time by increasing its profitability and cash flow.

Historically, the tax on cryptocurrencies is relatively low, and governments have mostly stayed out of the way. Under evolving new legal regulations, individuals, exchanges, or even the inventors of particular currencies may have to report their investments. This could have a huge effect on the market, and any market movement can make or break fortunes throughout an evening.

The user is the weak link in cryptocurrency’s security. While the cryptocurrency networks themselves remain unhacked, someone who gains access to your coin wallet can take your coins. This is because many of the software applications that connect with them have been compromised and abused.



Joshua Stankard

An entrepreneur based in Nanuet, New York, Joshua Stankard studied criminal justice at Rockland Community College.